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Kuki umurambo wa Perezida Habyarimana utarashyingurwa mu Rwanda? Intandaro y’ihungishwa ryawo n’ubucuti bwe na Mobutu

Abantu bakomeje kwibaza aho umurambo wa Habyarimana wabaye Perezida w’u Rwanda. Ese umurambo we warashyinguwe, Nturashyingurwa se ? Ese uzashyingurwa mu Rwanda ? Ese ukuri kuriho ni ukuhe?

Nyuma y’iraswa ry’indege yari itwaye Juvena Habyarimana tariki ya 6 Mata 1994, umubiri we, ku mabwiriza y’umugore we, Agatha Kanziga woherejwe iwabo ku Gisenyi kugira ngo uzashyingurwe mu cyubahiro. Aha bakemeza ko byari ukugira ngo Kanziga n’abari basigaye bayoboye u Rwanda barebe ko bagira agahenge.

Ariko kandi ngo igitutu bashyirwagaho n’abasirikare b’Iinkotanyi bihutaga mu gufata ibice by’u Rwanda ngo nticyari gutuma babona uko bashyingura nyakwigendera uriya bitonze.

Amakuru yatangajwe nyuma n’abazi ibya Habyarimana nyuma y’urupfu rwe, ni uko Ibintu bikomeje gukomera, Agatha Kanziga n’agatsiko ke ngo baba barasabye Perezida wa Zaire (icyo gihe) Mobutu Sese Seko ko yaba abafashije umubiri wa Habyarimana (wari inshuti ye) bakabanza bagakemura ibyari bibagoye, iki gihe nibwo Kanziga n’agatsiko ke bari mu rugamba rwo gushishikariza Interahamwe n’abandi kwica inzirakarengane z’Abatutsi, umugambo wari warateguwe imyaka n’imyaka.

Kanziga yasabye Mobutu kuba yakiriye umurambo w’umugabo we, hanyuma bakazawuzana kuwushyingura mu Rwanda dore ko biyumvishaga ko bazasubiza Inkotanyi inyuma, ibi ngo Mobutu yarabyemeye.

Ubwo abasirikare ba Habyarimana bari bazengerejwe n’Inkotanyi, nta yindi nzira bafashe uretse kugana iya Congo by’umwihariko Perezida Mobutu arabareka binjirana intwaro bari bafite zose, bakambika mu biromtero bike uvuye ku mupaka w’u Rwanda dore ko biyumvishaga ko bazagaruka gufata igihugu.

Bagarutse inshuro irenze imwe ariko urugamba rurabananira, kugeza n’ubu bakaba bakiri mu mashyamba ya Congo, aribo FDLR na n’ubu ikomeje guhangayikisha Leta ya Kinshasa iyobowe na Joseph Kabila.

Amakuru amwe n’amwe avuga ko Mobutu nawe ubwo yari asumbirijwe uyu murambo wa Kinani yaba yarawutwitse aho yari yarahungiye muri Maroc naho andi makuru akavuga ko uyu murambo utegerejwe kuzashyingurwa umunsi ako gatsiko kagarutse mu Rwanda.

Ukuri kuriho n’uko ba nyiri ubwite ntacyo baravuga kuri uyu murambo ngo basobanure niba warashyinguwe, ubitse se cyangwa se niba uzagarurwa gushyingurwa mu Rwanda.

Intandaro y’ubucuti bwa Habyarimana na Perezida Mobutu

Mbere na nyuma y’urupfu rwa Perezida Juvenal Habyarimana wari uw’u Rwanda na Mobutu wari uwa Zayire (RDC), ibikorwa byabo byiza cyangwa bibi bibaranga byagiye bigaragara ko bari inshuti magara, biva muri politiki bigera mu gisirikare no mu miryango yabo.

Aba baperezida bose bari n’abasirikare bakomeye bavuzweho amateka mabi yo koreka imbaga, ibyagiye bibahuza byari byinshi nk’uko amateka yabo abigaragaza by’umwihariko ubucuti bwabo bukaba bwaratangiye ahagana mu myaka y’1962.

Tugarutse inyuma gato mu mateka ya Habyarimana, bigaragara ko Juvénal Habyarimana yinjiye mu ishuli rya gisirikare ry’aba Officiers ry’i Kigal tariki ya 10 Ugushyingo 1960 ari kumwe n’abandi basore b’abanyarwanda 6, aribo: Pierre Nyatanyi , Aloys Nsekalije, Sabin Benda, Epimaque Ruhashya, Alexis Kanyarengwe, na Bonaventure Ubalijoro.

Habyarimana niwe wasohotse muri iryo shuri ari uwa mbere afite nimero ya gisirikare imuranga (matricule 001), amaze kubona impamyabumenyi yo kumanukira mu mutaka (brevet parachutiste), Juvénal Habyarimana yabonye ipeti rya Sous-Lieutenant ku itariki ya 23 Ukuboza 1961, ubwo aba abaye umusirikare wa mbere w’Umunyarwanda wo mu rwego rwa officier.

Yabaye Lieutenant tariki ya 1 Nyakanga 1962, aba ariwe unahabwa ibyubahiro cyo gufata ibendera rya mbere rya Repubulika y’u Rwanda ku munsi mukuru w’ubwigenge tariki ya 1 Nyakanga 1962.

Akuriwe na Major François Vanderstraeten w’Umubiligi, wari umugaba w’Ingabo, Juvénal Habyarimana yoherejwe gukorera kuva tariki ya 31 Kanama 1962 kugera muri Werurwe 1963, i Cyangugu ashinzwe ako karere ka gisirikare.

Aka gace karebanaga na Bukavu muri Congo ahari hatangiye ibikorwa byo kurwanya Leta y’i Kinshasa hakoresheje intwaro.

Ni muri icyo gihe bivugwa ko yaba yarahuye bwa mbere na Joseph Désiré Mobutu wari Colonel akaba n’umugaba mukuru w’ingabo za Congo (armée nationale congolaise).

Tariki ya 23 Kamena 1963, Capitaine Juvénal Habyarimana amaze kugirwa umugaba mukuru w’ingabo z’u Rwanda zitwaga Garde nationale icyo gihe, yatanze amategeko ko Ingabo z’u Rwanda (Garde Nationale) zitera inkunga ingabo za Congo (armée nationale congolaise). Yagizwe umugaba mukuru w’ingabo afite imyaka 26 gusa kandi aribwo agihabwa ipeti rya Capitaine!

Capitaine Juvénal Habyarimana na Colonel Joseph Désiré Mobutu bashyize hamwe bashoboye gutsinda inyeshyamba zari ziyobowe n’uwitwa Pierre Mulele (Rebelles Mulélistes), muri Kamena 1964, mu rugamba rukomeye rwabereye ahitwa Kamanyola, icyo gihe abari bamukuriye bari Ministre w’Ingabo Calliope Mulindahabi na Président Grégoire Kayibanda.

Tariki ya 23 Kamena 1964, Juvénal Habyarimana, wari Capitaine, yagizwe Umukuru w’Ingabo z’igihugu (Garde Nationale).

Yinjiye muri Guverinoma ya Perezida Grégoire Kayibanda mu 1965 asimbuye Calliope Mulindahabi ku mwanya wa Ministre w’Ingabo (Ministère de la Garde Nationale). Icyo gihe yari Major.

Yazamutse mu ntera ku buryo bukurikira: Lieutenant Colonel tariki ya 1 Mata 1967, Colonel tariki ya 1 Mata 1970, na Général-Major tariki ya 1 Mata 1973.

Mu ijoro ry’itariki ya 4 rishyira iya 5 Nyakanga 1973, afatanije n’abasirikare bagenzi be 10: Aloys Nsekalije, Epimaque Ruhashya, Sabin Benda, Alexis Kanyarengwe, Jean Népo Munyandekwe, Laurent Serubuga, Bonaventure Buregeya, Aloys Simba, Bonaventure Ntibitura, na Fabien Gahimano, bahiritse ubutegetsi bwa Perezida Grégoire Kayibanda.

Habyarimana afata ubutegetsi, Mobutu we yari amaze imyaka 10 aburiho kuko yabufashe mu 1965, aho bose bafatiye ubuperezida, bagiranye ubucuti n’ibihugu by’amahanga ku isonga Ubufaransa bwa François Mitterrand wayoboyekuva mu 1981.

Nkindi Alpha

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Ibitekerezo

i j - 13/11/2016 saa 21:18

MBE mwabagabi MWe muzi ko umuntu a kora afire umurongo ngenderwaho
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- 13/10/2016 saa 18:13

Ni byiza kuduha amateka gusa byaba byiza mbere yo kuvuga inkuru mugiye mubanza gukora analyse mugatanga amateka afite ireme aho kujyaho mukabesha rubanda. Mwagiye muvuga ukuri koko!
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yve - 25/10/2016 saa 10:22

nibyiza kubabyararangiye
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Basebya - 9/10/2016 saa 14:15

Harakabaho Perezida Habyarimana, yegeraga abaturage adakikijwe nabasilikare 10 agakora mu biganza by'abaturage yajya mu muganda ugasanga ari kusa ikivi kimwe n'abandi agafata isuka adatinyako imwanduliza intoki.
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Nduwayo justin - 13/10/2016 saa 17:40

Kubayarakoze umuganda ntibivuze koyarimwiza cyane ngahoreba ibyakurikiyeho Ntakindi uretse Genocide ubwose uramushima ushingiye kuki.
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Kabanga - 13/10/2016 saa 20:16

Nyirabayazana ninde se ubwo? Ninde wateye u Rwanda ntimukajye mucurika ibintu.Ese ubu umuntu ateye akavugako ashaka kubohora igihugu kiyobowe mu gitugu wavugiki?
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kariwa - 14/11/2016 saa 10:57

uravuze ngo arakabaho habyarimana azabaho yaramaze gupfa se ubwose uramushima namabi yakoze koko ahubwo ntazazuke kuko yakoze anmahano menshi
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RUBANZABIGWI F - 15/11/2016 saa 11:00

Mbega BASEBYA izina n'iryomuntu wakavuze ayo ngo habyarimana yafataga abantu muntoki nonese imvunja mwarwaraga namazu yibirere mwararagamo muvirwa ibyo nibyo mumushimir' abantu murinamunoza niwarukwiye kugereranya mugihe cya habyarimana nigihe turimo ubu aho umuntu yishyira akizana mugihugu cye nacyo yikanga none se urashimira habyarimana k' ubwivangur'AMOKO YARAFITE , umbwisanzure bwuruhande rumwe nakarere umuntu aturukamo sha nkubwize ukuri uwagukurikirana yamenya uwuriwe kuko uracyarimubyarangiye subiz' amaso inyuma wibuke aho wavuye utekereze aho uri ubu naneho wibaze mumutima wawe uzamenya ukuri
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Butoma - 3/10/2016 saa 18:05

Kuki mushaka kumenya aho yashyinguwe, kandi na Mbonyumutwa mwaramutaburuye mwitwikiriye ijoro mukajya kumujugunya kandi yarashyinguwe na leta yu Rwanda yabereye perezida? Murumva iyo nzigo muri gushyira mu gihugu? Ese mwebwe ninde uzabubaha niba mutubaha abandi?
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CAM - 2/10/2016 saa 12:41

kinani nagende nubunani bwe nta terambere yifurizaga urwanda
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- 29/10/2016 saa 15:50

NIYIGENDERE NUBUNDI UWAPHUYE YARIHUSE.
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CAM - 2/10/2016 saa 12:37

IBYO TWABIVUYEMO
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Kabeba - 30/09/2016 saa 15:30

Warwara macinya ya biriya bihe, ukibwira ko uzakira koko? Mujye mureka gusetsa bati.
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mulisa - 30/09/2016 saa 11:28

mumyaka 13 gusa yaramaze kuba general
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mukiza brown - 29/09/2016 saa 08:55

Ngabonzima umunsi wokubeshya nturi kuri calendar kubwibyo rero iyo taliki ntacyo ivuze numunsi nkiyindi kdi ibuka umuzungu we awita "a full's day" bivuga umunsi wibigoryi ubwo rero niba uwuzirikana nawe umenye aho uhagaze my brother.
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Nziza - 14/10/2016 saa 13:24

Full's dat cyangwa foo's day?
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Nziza - 14/10/2016 saa 13:26

Full's day cyangwa fool's day?
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mukiza brown - 29/09/2016 saa 08:54

Ngabonzima umunsi wokubeshya nturi kuri calendar kubwibyo rero iyo taliki ntacyo ivuze numunsi nkiyindi kdi ibuka umuzungu we awita "a full's day" bivuga umunsi wibigoryi ubwo rero niba uwuzirikana nawe umenye aho uhagaze my brother.
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AA - 29/09/2016 saa 07:53

ariko? komuvugango jonoside yarateguwe none Habyara yazi itariki yogupfakwe?
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Kabeba - 30/09/2016 saa 15:28

Habyara yari azi ko ibihe bye bigeramiwe ari na cyo cyatumye yitwaza Che d'Etat Major we kugirango niyapfa bapfane cyangwa habure umukorera coup d'Etat.
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2.pac - 29/09/2016 saa 00:23

yarumugabo kumwibagirwa nugucumura pe sha ninde wigeze yumva ko kungomaye haruwigeze ahunginzara none abanyarwanda bashiriye hanze bahunga inzara icyo mutabona niki?
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murugo - 25/10/2016 saa 08:06

nuko mwizw wabanje ukareba abigaga uko bangana, ubu sida iba itaramaze abantu bo bigira kwivuza mu mahanga rubanda rushira ubutitsa, ariko ye niba nta genocide wabonye sida yo ntayo wabonye da!!! AHHH
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zipora - 28/09/2016 saa 18:19

Ariko muransetsa , ubwo muba muri kujijisha nde? uyu Habyara ibyo yakoze byose byabaye zero , inzu ye bayigize isurwa nabantu bose hariya I kanombe , ntanumwanya afite rwose wo gutekerezwaho kubera ibyabaye , kumugarura mugamije iki? niba mushaka kumenya icyo abantu bamutekerezaho , muzashyire ikiganiro kuri radio hanyuma muzumva byinshi ariko mureke kutugarura rwose mwandika ahangaha
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zipora - 28/09/2016 saa 18:07

Ariko muransetsa , ubwo muba muri kujijisha nde? uyu Habyara ibyo yakoze byose byabaye zero , inzu ye bayigize isurwa nabantu bose hariya I kanombe , ntanumwanya afite rwose wo gutekerezwaho kubera ibyabaye , kumugarura mugamije iki? niba mushaka kumenya icyo abantu bamutekerezaho , muzashyire ikiganiro kuri radio hanyuma muzumva byinshi ariko mureke kutugarura rwose mwandika ahangaha
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Bwiko - 28/09/2016 saa 16:30

Jyenda Habyarimana wari umuntu w'umugabo nikimenyimenyi waguye mu rugo iwawe benshi bazagwa ishyanga.
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Theoneste - 28/09/2016 saa 21:02

arko iyo uvuze utyo ntubanza ngo utecyereze bangwa shyangase bagushijweyo nande nawe uvuga gusaaa ?? uribesha ushobora urikurota kanguka nkubwiri umurongo nyawo muvandi
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- 28/09/2016 saa 22:24

Yahaguye ate se! Uburyo yahaguye se nabwo burimo ubutwari ko burimo akaga. Erega burya ibikorwa byiza nibyo bishingirwaho umuntu ashimwa. Ubwo se wowe umushima wirengagije ko ku ngoma ye hari hariho ivangura rishingiye ku moko n'uturere ryari riteye isesemi? Ahubwo wowe ufite ikibazo!
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Bahati - 7/10/2016 saa 11:16

Uvuzukuriyarumugabomwa Nangwanawe Yaguyeiwe Arikobamwe Ubuhanuzi Bwaleomajeshi Yavuzekobazapha Bambaye Amashati Gumwerubariguhungaa Tuzanamwibuka Tuu Habyara
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HAJE - 28/09/2016 saa 16:05

ariko kko alpha Nkindi imba ari ko witwa?? nta na kimwe aba bagabom bose bakoze buriya kizima ra??? ko wavuze ko baranzwe no mkoreka imbaga gusa??? Icire incuro neza musaza
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UMUSAZA - 28/09/2016 saa 22:06

ARIRIKOSHA URIMBWA
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Aminadabu - 28/09/2016 saa 13:50

Habyara we R.I.P!Kungoma yawe twigurishirizaga ikawa yacu ntanduru!Twari dufite uburinganire(ubudehe?)ubu ubudehe buratwishe!!twajyaga duhinga imvange bikagandura urugo none ubu inzara itumeteye nabi
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yj - 28/09/2016 saa 18:52

koko muzareka ryari ibiteletezo nkibyo ubu koko habyara yabaloreye iki kizima aha nzabambona ntumwana wumunyarwanda
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Aminadabu - 28/09/2016 saa 13:50

Habyara we R.I.P!Kungoma yawe twigurishirizaga ikawa yacu ntanduru!Twari dufite uburinganire(ubudehe?)ubu ubudehe buratwishe!!twajyaga duhinga imvange bikagandura urugo none ubu inzara itumeteye nabi
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NGABONZIMA - 28/09/2016 saa 13:25

Birasekeje. Ipeti rya Lieutenant Colonel, n'irya Colonel n'irya General Major yabibonye Ku itariki ya 01 Mata kandi uyu munsi uba ari umunsi wo kubeshya!!!!
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Samantha Lindsay - 28/09/2016 saa 12:25

Murabo ba camalade10 ko ntumvisemo Pierre Nyatanyi ise Wa Cristine Nyatanyi kandi Ari Promocion Imwe ni cyo gihangange .Gusa sinumva uko Umwana warufite ise wari manpower wabazungu yari kuzamuka muntera bene ako kageni!!! Mubyange mubyemere uyu mugabo yari igihangange ndetse Ntanarimwe Azava mumitima yabanyarwanda haba kubamukunda cg abamwanga Urugero Rwahafi niki Kinyamakuru gisohora inyandiko imivuga3 Mukwezi Uretseko njye mbantashaka kumwumva nubwo ntacyo yantwaye kutamenya icyo. Yaricyo mbona aribyo byakururiye Abanyarwanda Agahinda Kugeza Yezu Agarutse R I P Mr
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Abdul Akhim Al Islam - 28/09/2016 saa 11:53

Umwana wu mwungura wungura imbwa imirizo. Ko abavugisha amangambure kandi. Umucwezi we aheze ishyanga inyuma yishyamba iyo azakuba hari akamanukana nabacwezi be yahoze yigamba bazamanukana iyo muri. Nyamuragira ntimwari kwandikisha inyanja yumuti wikaramu zigakama mwikwikanga cg ngo muterekere umuzimu we cyagiye kigiye nkamahembe yanyiramuhari
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KANKWANZI - 28/09/2016 saa 19:21

UMUSORO MAGANANE GUSA UKIVUZA UKAGENDA URWANDA UKARUMARA NONE NAMAZU NIMBEBA NIBISORE RA?
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