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Dore amwe mu mateka yaranze Asaph Hall wavumbuye ukwezi kuri Mars

Asaph Hall ni umugabo w’umuhanga mu bumenyi bw’isanzure ufite inkomoko mu gihugu cya Leta zunze Ubumwe za Amerika muri Leta ya Connecticut mu gace kitwa Goshen ,yavutse mu mwaka wa 1827 ku itariki ya 15 Ukwakira akaba azwi ho kuba yaravumbuye ukwezi k’umubumbe wa Mars.


Se umubyara Asaph Hall II yakoraga imirimo yo gukora amasaha ari nabyo byatungaga umuryango wabo hamwe na nyina Hannah Palmer.

Asaph yabaye mu buzima bugoye,dore ko mu gihe yari afite imyaka 13,Se umubyara yaje gupfa,ibi bikamuviramo kureka ishuri mu gihe yari afite imyaka 16,aho yahise ajya gushaka akazi k’ubuyedi aho yafashaga abubaka ibisenge mu rwego rwo kubona ibibatunga,gusa nyuma y’imyaka itari myinshi yaje kujya muri Koleji ya McGrawville iri i New York aho yaje kwiga imibare ayigishijwe n’umwalimu we witwaga Angeline Stickney baje kubana nk’umugore n’umugabo mu mwaka w’ 1856.

Asaph Hall azwi cyane mu buvumbuzi bukomeye aho bivugwa ko yavumbuye ukwezi k’umubumbe wa Mars.Igitangaje cy’uyu mugabo ni uko mu buvumbuzi bwe yavuze ko yavumbuye amezi 2 y’umubumbe wa Mars ari yo Deimos ndetse na Phobos.

Uretse ubu buvumbuzi bw’aya mezi ya Mars,Asaph Hall niwe wavumbuye inzira z’ibyogajuru by’iyindi mibumbe ndetse n’iby’ibyo yise double stars,anavumbura kandi n’ukuzenguruka k’umubumbe wa Saturn ndetse n’ingano y’umubumbe wa Mars.

Mu mwaka w’1856 Asaph yabonye akazi mucyahoze kitwa Koleji ya Havard nk’umugenzuzi wayo muri Cambridge ndetse no muri Massachusetts aho yaje no kuvana ubumenyi buhambaye ,byatumye yitwa inararibonye mu ikoranabuhanga mu by’inzira y’imibumbe(Computer expert of orbits).

Ibi byatumye abona akazi nk’uwungirije mu by’ubumenyi bw’ikirere mu gihugu cya Leta zunze Ubumwe za Amerika( assistant US Naval observator) i Washington DC ariho yaje kuvana impamyabumenyi yo kurwego rwa Professorat.

Mu mwaka w’1875 Hall yahawe kugira ububasha kuri USNO 26-inch (66-cm) ,indebakure(Telescope) yari nini kandi ifite ubushobozi bwo kureba kure kurusha izindi zose zari ho muri iyo minsi,ibi bikaba aribyo byatumye avumbura Phobos na Deimos nk’amezi ya Mars mu mwaka w’1884.

Inyubako ya Asaph Hall i Washington DC ari naho yari atuye mu gihe cy’ikiruhuko cy’izabukuru

Hall yagiye mu kiruhuko cy’izabukuru mu mwaka w’1891,gusa nyuma yaje kuba umwarimu wigisha Celestial Mechanics muri kaminuza ya Havard mu mwaka wi 1896 kugeza mu mwaka wa 1901.
Asaph Hall yabyaye abana 4,kuri ubu abana be bose bakora mu bigo bikomeye by’ubumenyi bwo mu isanzure byo muri Leta zunze ubumwe za Amerika.

Asaph Hall akoresha indeabakure ihanitse

Asaph Hall yahawe ibihembo bine aribyo:Lalande Prize of the French Academy of Sciences in 1878,Arago Medal in 1893, yaje kugirwa Chevalier in the Ordre national de la Légion d’honneur(French Legion of Honor) in 1896.ndetse no kwitirirwa bimwe mu bivumburwa mu isanzure nkaho bamwitiriye Asteroide 3299 mu rwego rwo kumuha icyubahiro.

Uyu mugabo yapfuye mu mwaka wa 1907 mu gihe yari agiye gusura umuhungu we Angelo muri Annapolis muri leta ya Maryland.

Habimana Abdou

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